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Is there another term for matriarchy?

Other expressions use by scholars (mainly 19th century) for matriarchal societies are:

  • traditional societies
  • primitives, primitive peoples
  • tribal peoples, tribes
  • aboriginals
  • savages
Terms introduced in the second half of the 20th century
  • indigenous peoples, natives
  • acephalous societies (ethnology: tribes without rulers)
  • regulated anarchy (Christian Sigrist)
  • consensus democracies (see article by Prof. Kwasi Wiredu)
  • egalitarian democracy of consensus (Thomas Wagner in Irokesen und Demokratie)
These terms are used throughout literature, when it comes to matriarchal social structures. Of course, not all current tribes for instance have all significant matriarchal characteristics.
Read about the term "matriarchy"
 

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Users asked:
When do you call a society matriarchal?

A kin is matriarchal under two main conditions:

- The children live with their mother's clan; husbands live with their wife's clan, as long as they are married. If the marriage ends, the husband moves back to his motherclan (matrilocal).
- Inheritage and line of descent is female (matrilineal).

matrilocal + matrilineal = matriarchal

But there are other criteria, like decision finding by consensus, please read full

description of matriarchy

 

 
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