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When do you call a society matriarchal?

A kin is matriarchal under two main conditions:

- The children live with their mother's clan; husbands live with their wife's clan, as long as they are married. If the marriage ends, the husband moves back to his motherclan (matrilocal).
- Inheritage and line of descent is female (matrilineal).

matrilocal + matrilineal = matriarchal

But there are other criteria, like decision finding by consensus, please read full

description of matriarchy

 

 

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Users asked:
Are the Basques matriarchal people?

Today the Basques are as matriarchal as every community in Europe: not very much (matriarchal = matrilineal + matrilocal). Nevertheless you will find here matriarchal elements, like in all European societies. You can follow the traces in religion (Christianity in most of Europe), the folklore, tales and legends, habits and traditions, especially at festivals.

Though, the Basques are speaking their own non-indoeuropean language, which means, the cultural influence from the patriarchal Kurgan Culture had less influence on them as on other European peoples, i.e. the Greeks or Celts or Germans.

 
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