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How many existing societies before Christ were matriarchal?

Jodi asked: "I've been looking for facts or perhaps a historical view on matriarchal societies before Christ. Truth is, I read the Da Vinci Code and thought I'd do a little research myself.
How many societies existed before Christ were matriarchal? I already know the natives of America had some tribes that were.
Does this extend beyond this present day country?"

Deserts in Middle East

The black arrows show the escape from drying up areas (deserts) to fertile regions
(Click to enlarge)

1. Ca. 5000 before Christ climates changed and former fertile regions dried up, i.e. became deserts in time. Matriarchal tribes from these areas moved further and further, settled down, had to move again and with extreme famines the character and behaviour changed from generation to generation. People developed violence and became what we today call patriarchal.

Read the details:

2. The origin structure of human society is matriarchal. Every clan, tribe, kin started that way. Humankind did this - with variations, but the same principles - all over the world for min. 40.000 years. Until some, not many, tribes had to face dryness and famine and that caused certain reactions. Those affected tribes survived by conquering other peoples.

3. Peoples, which never came in touch with patriarchal conquerors could keep their matriarchal societies intact. Some got little influence by missionaries or colonialism, they lost some of their lifestyle but could keep parts of it, like matrilinearity (inheritage of responsibilities, title, dignities etc. from mother to daughter). As more violent and unscrupulously indigenous people are, as more are they contaminated by patriarchal missionaries and conquerors (not to mention the so called "civilized" countries); they lost their ethics and their wisdom with every murdered elder.

Conclusion: No people on any continent was patriarchal from the beginning. Not in parts, not at times. The duration of patriarchy is about 7000 years, starting 5000 years before Christ. 

 

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"Today's Matriarchies From the Newest View"

7 parts
one Email per week
Users asked:
Are the Basques matriarchal people?

Today the Basques are as matriarchal as every community in Europe: not very much (matriarchal = matrilineal + matrilocal). Nevertheless you will find here matriarchal elements, like in all European societies. You can follow the traces in religion (Christianity in most of Europe), the folklore, tales and legends, habits and traditions, especially at festivals.

Though, the Basques are speaking their own non-indoeuropean language, which means, the cultural influence from the patriarchal Kurgan Culture had less influence on them as on other European peoples, i.e. the Greeks or Celts or Germans.

 
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